In this course, we will explore how speakers of English refer to persons, places, objects, or events in ordinary conversation. More precisely, we will try to identify and describe referential practices by investigating when (and why) participants to a conversation choose to use certain reference forms (over others). Advanced students may also look at how speakers can depart from known default principles of reference form selection to accomplish certain pragmatic effects (e.g., to communicate additional social meaning) or they may want to study when and why speakers adjust their initial lexical choices, e.g., by expanding/specifying them or by replacing them with others.

Although the primary focus in this course will be on the linguistic resources speakers use for doing reference, we may also look at how they mobilize bodily-visual elements of conduct, like gaze or gestures, to this end.

Note: This is a research-oriented course and students will have to engage in small-scale research projects on a particular aspect relating to the course topic. The research methods used in this course come from the fields of Conversation Analysis (CA) and Interactional Linguistics (IL). Therefore, prior experience with, or knowledge of, the methods used in these fields will be extremely beneficial (see Barth-Weingarten 2008, Sidnell 2010, 2013, Deppermann 1999). It is also highly recommended that students who are unfamiliar with transcribing conversational talk attend the accompanying transcription tutorial.

Bei diesem Kurs handelt es sich um den Teil 2 des GM-SW2 bzw. BM-SW2. Wissenschaftliche Betrachtung gesprochener Sprache und ihrer Verwendung in natürlichen Kommunikationssituationen. Ziel:Verständnis für gesprochensprachliche Phänomene in den Bereichen Phonetik und Prosodie, Lexik und Semantik sowie Syntax zu entwickeln,
a)Lektüre und Besprechung der relevanten Texte, b)Transkriptionsübungen und Analysefähigkeit anhand authentischer Daten mit Tutorium zur Unterstützung der Transkiptionsarbeit statt.
c)Elementares zum wissenschaftlichen Arbeiten.
Teilnahmevorausetzung ist der erfolgreiche Abschluss des ersten Teils des Moduls und des Moduls GM/BM-SW1.