Improving your expression in and knowledge of English through intensive comparison and contrast with German: that is the main purpose of this course. Translation is a powerful tool for improving your proficiency because it uses your native language - your semantic bedrock that all your explorations in the second language build up from. You learn to think from words and structures to meanings - translation sensitizes you to the nuances of style and meaning better than anything other language learning activity. By contrasting the meanings of words and syntax, you can move away from literal (whatever that means!) translations to meaning (whatever that is!). When you think about it, any real interaction with an author or a person speaking involves acts of translation - the deeper the engagement, the more challenging and fruitful the translation.